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Goznak is celebrating its 195th anniversary4 сентября 2013 года, 15:53

Goznak is celebrating its 195th anniversary

200 without 5. The jubilee of the enterprise manufacturing products that are in every purse. A report from Goznak is today at the “National Economy” section, but first we’ll speak about our non-cash accounts security.
Craftsmen making devices to help swindlers receive access to other people’s bank cards risk their freedom. The Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Central Bank have agreed upon stiffening the punishment for the sales of such devices.
The legislative draft stipulates the imprisonment of up to 6 years and the fine of up to 300 thousand roubles for the so-called skimming devices.
…With all losses caused by swindlers, in the history of the Russian money there is a chapter that began with counterfeits. 195 years ago, on September 4, 1818 in Saint-Petersburg, the Expedition of Storing State Papers was established by the Royal decree. It was our answer to Napoleon who had flooded Russia with counterfeited Russian banknotes during the war of 1812. Together with the decision to replace the money, there came the decision about a principally new production site providing the banknote reliable security. Today it is known as Goznak.  
It seems, nobody is ceremonious with them here. The workers tier millions of roubles in habitual movements. To be more accurate, there are 17 million 500 thousand of them in each pack. One of the major requirements to the employees at Goznak is to forget that fortunes pass in front of them. They are only raw materials, products, nothing personal. During the last 10 years there has been only one attempt to leave the territory with the precious sheets, and it failed. After all, they started making money here 195 years ago, and have gained wide experience.  
“It’s the first banknote printed at the Expedition of Storing State Papers in 1818, it’s in fact the first completely Russian banknote production corresponding to the world level”, noted General Director of Goznak Arkady Trachuk.
At that time the roubles were protected with the watermark only. Today every banknote has iridescent colours, security stripes, perforation – a clean sheet turns into a ready banknote in three weeks. The quality after every printing stage, and there are five of them totally, is controlled by both the machines and the people. Moreover, professionals check them by sight.  
“It is fair to compare the Russian roubles with the best-secured banknotes in the world – the Swiss franks, which are still a little bit more complicated than the roubles, but they are banknotes of the same level”, said Arkady Trachuk.
The banknote production is started with a sketch. It is a finicky job, tiniest lines, then there appears an engraving which turns into the so-called matrix – a metal tablet, by the way there are very few of them for every banknote, from which a multitude of printing plates are produced. For some Soviet banknotes, the famous sculptor Shadr was asked to model sculptures in order to take a photograph of them and transfer the image to the money. Nevertheless, the banknote production costs are lower than their face-value. On average, a thousand of banknotes cost one thousand roubles now. But the paper money has short service life – 1.5 – 2 years; which is longer for coins – 25 – 30 years.    
It is ordered to destroy those which have served their term. A special machine cuts into small pieces 300 kilograms of small change per hour. And it all turns into money again – the metal is remelted.
“At the moment we are destroying the coin with the face value of 1 kopeck, the bag weighs 6 kilograms, there are 4000 coins in it. We treat money we destroy in the work manner. It has no value for us, it’s work, hard work not for women”, said leading controller of the Interregional Repository of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation Nadezhda Lukinykh.  
Everything is easier and more complicated at the same time with the paper money. The banknotes are disintegrated to the size of paper punch waste and are pressed in accurate briquettes. They are often simply thrown away afterwards. So far, there are no traditions of processing of former billions in Russia. But there are ideas how to do that.  
“The banknotes are loaded, chemical agents are poured, the apparatus is warmed up. And during a set time the money is simply boiled”, said Maxim Ageev, an associated professor of the Wood Chemistry Board of the State Wood Engineering Academy.
At the laboratory of the Academy Professor Ageev boils ink and other chemical agents out of the banknotes and receives clean paper again. It’s easy to find application for it. Besides, excellent wallpaper glue, substances for the textile and perfumery production  and fuel. But the scientist has no money to start the money business.
In spite of the growing number of non-cash payments, the specialists have no doubt – the real banknotes have a great future. It is another matter, what they will be like. Goznak is developing microchip embedding into roubles in full play.
Source: Channel One, News (04.09.2013)
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