The Crimean architectural masterpiece on a coin 11.12.2015
The commemorative coin of the Bank of Russia with the face value of 25 roubles is produced of sterling silver. The coin diameter is 60 mm, the weight of the precious metal in purity is 155.5 g, the minting quality is “proof”, the milled edge has 252 riffles. The number of pieces of the coin is not large – 1500 pieces.
In the center of the discus of the coin reverse, there is a relief image of Livadia Palace in Yalta. To the left, on the matte segment in the top there is a portrait of the architect who created the palace with an inscription in two lines under it, “NIKOLAY PETROVICH KRASNOV”. In the bottom there is a colour image of the head of a column of the Ionic order.
The author of the coin sketch is Elena Kramskaya, an artist of the Design Center of Goznak, the author of modelling is Alexandra Dolgopolova, an artist of the Territorial Artistic Studio in Saint-Petersburg.
“We created more than 20 sketches during the work upon the coin”, said Elena Kramskaya. “One of the most laconic sketches depicting practically the whole of Livadia Palace was chosen”.
In the top left side of the coin, there is a portrait of the architect who created the palace. The most expressive and recognizable photo of N.P. Krasnov was used in creating the portrait upon the coin.
In the bottom part of the coin, there is an element existing on all coins of the “Architectural masterpieces of Russia” series. The element represents a fragment of “the head of a column of the Ionic order” architectural decoration made using the tampon printing method.
Livadia Palace is quite an eclectic masterpiece of the Russian architecture. The architect noted in his report about the building that the Palace was “projected and built in the Italian Renaissance style of single Inkerman rocks with all parts carved of the same rocks”.
Elena Viktorovna Kramskaya who had visited Livadia Palace about a year before the work upon the coin, is sorry that at that time she simply enjoyed seeing the palace and wasn’t aware that she would have to work upon its image on the coin.
“If I had known about it, I would have taken pictures of the palace first of all. It is interesting not only outside, but inside too – there is a beautiful Italian patio, very beautiful reliefs, Emperor Nikolay II’s favourite bench. The palace is very comfortable and cozy inside. It is built of the unique Inkerman white rock which doesn’t get dark with years”.
By the way,
Livadia Palace is a unique pearl of the South Coast of Crimea. It is a place inspiring poets, artists and composers and attracting travelers. Greatest politicians and artists of various countries visited it at different times. It is a place the destiny of which absorbed the turning points of history.
It was the last construction erected in the Russian Empire for the family of Romanovs in the village of Livadia in the Yalta Region of Crimea, 3 kilometers away from Yalta. The palace is surrounded with a marvelous park, terraces along the slopes of Mogabi Hill to the sea. Created by the architectural talent of N.P. Krasnov in the first decade of the previous century, it still attracts travelers from various places on earth and competes with Vorontsov’s Palace for the title of the most luxurious residence in Crimea.
According to some data, Nikolay II spent about 4 million gold roubles on the palace. His family visited it for the first time in 1914, on the eve of the war.
after his first visit to the new palace, Nikolay II characterized the masterpiece in the following way, “We have no words to express our joy and pleasure to have such a house, which was built exactly as we wanted. Architect Krasnov is a remarkable architect”. Nikolay Petrovich Krasnov received the title of Architect of the Highest Court for building the palace, and in 1913 he was chosen an Acaemician of the Petersburg Academy of Arts.
It was the venue of holding the conference of allies, where the contours of the after-war world structure were determined. In February 1945, the sessions of the Crimea (Yalta) Conference of the “Big Three” with the participation of Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of Great Britain, Theodore Roosevelt, President of the USA, and Iosif Stalin, Chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars of the Soviet Union.
Theodore Roosevelt was charmed with the palace so much that he mentioned his desire to live here after his presidential term was over.
Today the palace remains a place of holding most important political meetings of the international level.
In 2011 Livadia Palace celebrated its 100th anniversary. Now there is a museum in it where there are expositions of the Romanovs’ visits to Crimea and the Crimea Conference that took place here. Objects connected with its history and important events that happened here are preserved. There are unique objects dedicated to the events and politicians of the previous century. The doors of the museum are open to all.